Miami-Dade County Criminal Justice, Mental Health and Substance Abuse Reinvestment Grant Expansion Project
The Short-Term Assessment of Risk and Treatability (START) and the SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access, and Recovery (SOAR) model are being implemented in jail diversion programs to assess and treat mental health and substance use-related risks among adults with serious mental illness. However, they have not yet been evaluated for their feasibility and effectiveness in this setting.
Purpose: To examine use of START and the SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access, and Recovery (SOAR) model in mental health jail diversion programs for offenders with severe mental illness and substance use disorders. Using de-identified, secondary data, we determine the impact on criminal justice and mental health outcomes, validation of the START tool, efficiency of accessing benefits, and the impact on service utilization.
FoPsyPI Team Members: Sarah Desmarais, Daniel Baucom, Elizabeth Burris, Caroline Griswold, Kiersten Johnson, Evan Lowder, Caroline Marion, Candalyn Rade, Rasika Rajagopalan, and Robin Telford
Coordinated System of Care for Justice-Involved Adults with Mental Health and Substance Use Problems
Adults with serious mental illnesses are at increased risk of criminal justice involvement, and after release, are at increased risk of recidivism to criminal justice and acute care settings. Frequent recidivism may be due, in part, to gaps in the availability and coordination of evidence-based services targeting their unique treatment needs and risk factors.
Purpose: To evaluate a coordinated system of care for justice-involved adults with severe mental illness and substance use disorders.
FoPsyPI Team Members: Sarah Desmarais, Evan Lowder, Brittanie Moore, Candalyn Rade, Kiersten Johnson, Raskia Rajagopalan, and Robin Telford
Violence and Victimization in Adults with Mental Illness: An Application of Integrated Data Analysis
The increased risk for violence perpetration and victimization associated with mental illness represents a substantial public health burden, yet these two outcomes have rarely been examined in the same sample of adults with mental illness during the same timeframe.
Purpose: To address the empirical gap regarding the nexus between violence and victimization among adults with mental illness. Specifically, through secondary data analysis we evaluate the prevalence, nature, and correlates of community violence perpetration and victimization in this population; develop and test a predictive model of violence and victimization; and test the effectiveness of interventions in reducing violence and victimization.
FoPsyPI Team Members: Sarah Desmarais and Kiersten Johnson
Correlates of Mental Illness in Women Who Use Methamphetamine
Women with substance use disorders or major mental disorders have been identified as vulnerable to a host of adverse outcomes. However, few studies have examined the co-occurrence of these disorders in relation to negative outcomes or engagement in treatment.
Purpose: To study the individual, interpersonal, structural, and cultural level factors associated with drug treatment and sexual risk. Specifically, raw data from surveys conducted with methamphetamine-using women will be used to (1) examine the relationship between mental illness and participation in drug treatment; and (2) analyze the interaction between mental illness and drug use as predictors of risky sexual behavior.
FoPsyPI Team Members: Sarah Desmarais, Kiersten Johnson, and Candalyn Rade
Public Attitudes toward Ex-Offenders and Criminal Justice Outcomes
Stigma and negative attitudes toward ex-offenders pose barriers to successful community reentry. However, inconsistent operationalization and measurement of public attitudes has led to contradictory results regarding the correlates and moderators of public attitudes.
Purpose: To study the individual, interpersonal, and structural factors associated public attitudes toward ex-offenders, offender re-entry, and criminal justice outcomes. Specifically, this project seeks to 1) summarize extant research on the correlates and moderators of public attitudes toward ex-offenders and criminal justice outcomes (i.e., capital punishment) using a meta-analytic approach, and 2) investigate a theoretical framework of the factors that contribute to attitudes toward ex-offenders and community re-entry.
FoPsyPI Team Members: Candalyn Rade, Sarah Desmarais, Jordan Gregory, Ashley Holland, and Madison Morrow